I’m sure that most people think ginger is a tropical plant that couldn’t possibly be grown in Canada, but you can grow it year-round regardless of what zone you live in. 1.1 Economic and Social Impact of Ginger In the 1980s, ginger world production was estimated at 100,000 t, but because of the several Plant one ginger plant per square foot (0.1 sq. Where summer nights are cool, ginger produces best when grown in a greenhouse or high tunnel. From the editors of BCLiving, a seasonal subscription box of beauty products & decor treasures. Fertilizer is seldom needed when ginger is grown as a perennial in tropical or semi-tropical climates. Roots grow from the rhizome, but we don’t eat those. Allow to steep for 10 min. Water thoroughly after shoots appear. [1] X Research source If you live in a climate with a short growing season, you can grow the plant indoors. Cut the stems from the roots, and store in the refrigerator for up to three weeks or more. Ginger is most often grown in double rows, spaced 12 inches (30 cm) apart, with open working space between the double rows. Nutrients from the fresh soil help feed the plants, but container-grown plants also need regular feeding with a balanced organic fertilizer through the first half of summer, while they are growing rapidly and producing new leaves. Grow in well-draining soil that has been fed with fertilizer. Start with a purchased plant in spring, or force a fresh root to sprout by planting it in seed starting mix and keeping it in a warm place where temperatures range between 70 and 80F (21 to 27C) for 4 to 6 weeks. Firstly, cut the ginger into 2.5cm (minimum size) pieces using a sanitized knife or shears. Our New and Improved Garden Planner. (1 ft.) deep. The best time to start growing ginger is spring. Ensure that your soil pH is between 5.5-6.5. Water regularly in … Plant after the last spring frost, or at the start of the wet season if you live in the tropics. Most ginger roots that are sold in stores are coated with a growth inhibitor which prevent them from sprouting. Good quality potting soil enriched with compost can be used in containers. Copyright © Canada Wide Media Limited. Each piece should be plump with well-developed growth buds, or eyes. Water lightly. Ginger is used as a spice for cooking, smoothies, and some baking like ginger snaps. Plant the rhizomes (2-3 cm) 1 inch deep in the potting soil with the buds facing upwards. plant at maturity, so look for a large container. It’s best to avoid ginger from the stores as they are sprayed with chemicals. Store “baby ginger” in the freezer, and take out small pieces as you need them in the kitchen. Use only perfect, blemish-free roots when forcing ginger to bud in spring, because ginger roots can carry root-rot diseases that can spread to the garden. All Rights Reserved, for a chance to win a set of gardening books. Aromatic, pungent and spicy, ginger is perfect in baked goods, candies, Asian dishes and also a very healthy medicinal herb.Ginger has many evidence-based health benefits. Ensure that each piece has a small point called an eye that can grow … If your rhizomes have clipped leaf stalks allow these to protrude above the soil line. Fill a shallow, wide plant pot (ginger roots grow horizontally) with rich, well-draining potting soil. It's a herbaceous perennial so when the leaves die down in autumn just remove them. It can be produced in many countries but it does best in moist, tropical conditions. Ginger is best planted in spring or early summer and harvested in autumn. Once the ginger root is planted, water it thoroughly. CLICK here for a review of Herb Gardening for Canada. Prepare a deep pot with a drainage hole in the bottom. In cooler climates, grow ginger in containers placed in sun. When ginger is grown in pots, fresh soil is gradually added as more stems emerge and the plants grow taller. The pot can also be placed onto a pebble tray filled with water or placed in a room with a humidifier. Preparing you for ginger root for planting. Tuck the plants in and tamp down the soil to remove any air pockets. When sprouts appear, gently transplant the root to a 3-gallon (11 liter) pot, covering the top of the root with only 2 inches (5 cm) of soil. Confucius ( 551–479 BC) is said to have always taken it when traveling. Put the container outdoors in a sunny location after the risk of frost has passed but make sure to bring it back indoors long before fall frost. Cut the fresh root into pieces for several plants, or plant the root whole. However, if you live in a frost-free warm climate, you can try to grow ginger in container anytime but the best time is an early wet season. Keep in mind that the thumb-size chunk may grow into a 36-inch (91 cm.) Learn how to grow ginger indoors and outdoors, what growing conditions this tropical plant needs to thrive and produce an abundance of the spicy and healthy root. In fact, this is a project you can get the kids involved in because, if nothing else, growing ginger is fun and easy, and will reward you with its sweet, spicy flavour and aroma. To get rid of that, simply soak your ginger root in water for 24 hours. It can be grown indoors in pots in cool/temperate areas. As permanent plantings, not a chance you could do it. Intense heat, long days and a good soaking every other day produced a dense growth of sturdy stems with dark green fronds that reached a height of 1.5 meters by mid-August. Few of us are lucky enough to have a garden with these conditions, but it is still possible to grow ginger if you do not. FREE | 20 Recipes for Simple Dining Book. Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area. Soak the ginger … Add additional soil as the stems grow taller, and water as needed to keep the soil lightly moist. Add compost into the mixture to improve its richness. Fertilize monthly with a balanced liquid fertilizer or apply a cup of compost tea weekly to feed the ginger plant. I start it growing inside in pots first. Choose a piece which has some well-developed ‘ growth buds ’. Otherwise just buy some at the shops at that time. If you are buying ginger from a store, soak the rhizomes in water overnight because they are sometimes treated with a growth retardant. Indoors, it should be positioned in the brightest location or grown under a grow light. For a ready-to-use supply, peel the rhizomes and cut into chunks then put in a clean glass jar and cover with sherry or vodka before sealing tightly. In most climates, this tropical plant is best grown as a summer container plant. Many types of ginger are winter hardy to 20F (-6C), but none can tolerate frozen soil. To grow a healthy ginger plant, you want to keep the pot in a warm area of your home. You can also create potting mix by mixing clean soil with nutrients in a ratio of 2:1 to get better results. Mist occasionally or frequently, depending on your region, to increase the humidity. How to grow ginger Cultivation. Set the root just below the surface of the soil mix. Wait as long as you can to harvest the roots, but before freezing temperatures. Ginger is an easy plant that you can grow if you live in a warm, humid climate. It has a broad-spectrum of antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, and anti-parasitic properties, to name just several of its more than 40 pharmacological actions. Once the leaves emerge, water sparingly, but when you water the ginger root plant, water it deeply. The foliar display will remind you of tropical destinations, perfect for an exotic-themed garden design. They will do much better in diffused, dappled or filtered light. The shoots will develop from these buds. How to plant or grows ginger. Choose the ideal location to grow ginger Ginger thrives in partial shade, or at most, areas with morning sun. This tropical spice has quite a few medicinal benefits as well as packing a bunch of flavor in a small amount. Ginger is easy to lift. But, the common term is ginger root, so we’ll roll with it. How to Grow Ginger in Pots or Containers. Set the pot in a warm and sunny location and water sparingly until growth emerges. They need a rich, well-drained, moisture-retentive soil or compost and are best grown in containers. The next step is to break the root into pieces with a growth bud on each piece, and to plant these pieces in a seed tray in moist potting compost, with enough nutrients and good drainage. Plant the rhiz… To grow well it needs lots of water and nutrients. Big clumps need to be broken up into smaller clumps because they become congested. Shake off loose soil and then rinse roots with a strong spray of water. Start in early spring. “It takes anywhere from four to five months to see shoots appearing from your ginger and this is subject to the warmth of the soil,” says Gisele. It’s Here! Add compost into the mixture to improve its richness. Rows: 1' 5" (45cm) with 1' 5" (45cm) row gap (minimum). Ginger varieties. Move to partial shade during summer heat waves. In early spring, plant parts of the underground rhizomes. Even Vancouver is too cold for them to survive the winter. Deep, enriched, sandy loam for outdoor planting. m.). Place the ginger root with the eye bud pointing up and cover it with 1-2 inches more of soil. In a week or two you’ll see the leaves of the ginger plant emerge. Although ginger is an easy-to-grow and suitable for many lands, it is recommended to use loamy, porous, and well-drained soil. Add additional soil as the stems grow taller, and water as needed to keep the soil lightly moist. Start with a purchased plant in spring, or force a fresh root to sprout by planting it in seed starting mix and keeping it in a warm place where temperatures range between 70 and 80F (21 to 27C) for 4 to 6 weeks. Repot it annually to accommodate its new growth. Before planting, cut the ginger rhizome into 1- to 1½-inch pieces, and set them aside for a few days to allow the cut surface area to heal and form a callus. Ginger growing commences with planting in September using golf ball sized pieces cut from rhizomes (root-like subterranean stems) of the previous year’s crop. They are best suited planted away from large roots, and ideally should be sheltered from wind and moisture. To dry ginger, peel and cut into 5mm thick slices then put on a wire rack in the oven on the lowest heat setting for 10 to 15 hours, turning every three hours. It likes filtered sunlight, humidity and rich soil. Ginger stops growing new leaves in late summer when nights become longer. The oil can also be added to massage oils to ease rheumatic pain and aching joints. Ginger can be used in baked goods including spicy cookies like gingerbread. Always try to grow ginger from rhizome instead of the seed. I have grown both ginger and turmeric outside in the summer in Ontario. Ginger prefers part-day shade when grown outdoors in warm climates. Containers are easily displayed on decks, balconies, porches, steps and around the pool. Once peeled, ginger can be sliced, chopped, minced, pressed or grated, depending on the recipe. Ginger root has antiseptic properties, as well as properties helpful in settling an upset stomach, indigestion, menstrual pain and motion sickness. Japanese, Thai and Chinese cooking often requires a slice of ginger to enhance the fresh flavours of vegetables and meats. Prepare the soil by adding compost which will retain some moisture but not get saturated. Add additional soil as the stems grow taller, and water as needed to keep the soil lightly moist. Single Plants: 1' 5" (45cm) each way (minimum) Ginger needs mildly acidic soils for healthy growth of rhizomes. It produces bright-green, thick stems with long, strap-like foliage and exotic yellow flowers with hints of green. Ginger is a warm climate plant. The ideal temperature for the area where you keep the ginger plant is 60 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit (16 to 32 degrees Celsius). Plant ginger into a pot. When sprouts appear, gently transplant the root to a 3-gallon (11 liter) pot, covering the top of the root with only 2 inches (5 cm) of soil. A wide variety of ethnic cuisines use ginger root frequently as a trademark flavour. Make sure you select fresh, plump rhizomes. Once the ginger is actively growing, keep the soil consistently moist. It will go dormant during the winter months, slowing down until the day length increases in spring. A year after planting, once the plant is well established, the roots can be dug up. Ginger is most often grown in double rows, spaced 12 inches (30 cm) apart, with open working space between the double rows. Ginger plants will start to emerge in a couple of weeks. Ginger is a heavy feeder and an even heavier drinker that needs a lot of room to grow. Remove from heat add grated ginger and cover pan. Soak the ginger root in warm water overnight to prepare for planting. The easiest way to get started growing ginger root is to get a few fresh rhizomes of someone who does grow ginger, at the time when the plant re-shoots anyway (early spring). Step 1: Soak the Ginger. To use ginger for cooking, the skin should be scraped or peeled from the fibrous flesh. Ginger can be expensive to purchase at the grocery store, so growing your own has financial benefits, as well as a fresh ginger flavor. When grown outdoors, ginger root should be in the sunniest spot available, preferably full sun if possible. Ginger soil also has specific requirements. The potting mixture or potting soil should be a light mixture with adequate drainage and fertility. Ginger can also be candied for a sweet treat. Indoors, it should be positioned in the brightest location or grown under a grow light. The potting mixture or potting soil should be a light mixture with adequate drainage and fertility. Strain out the ginger and enjoy with honey lemon or a cinnamon stick. When sprouts appear, gently transplant the root to a 3-gallon (11 liter) pot, covering the top of the root with only 2 inches (5 cm) of soil. The newer more tender roots that have developed over the year are far more flavourful than the older ones. Zingiber officinale is a perennial, tropical herb (hardy to zone 8) that is grown primarily for its root. Select a container that is at least 30 cm. 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The summer in Ontario large roots, but when you water the ginger.. To massage oils to ease rheumatic pain and motion sickness dried and ground into ginger powder, well-drained! And nutrients amount of sand to ensure drainage the brightest location or grown under a grow light cm! Soil that has been fed with fertilizer for outdoor planting each piece should be positioned the! Long, strap-like foliage and exotic yellow flowers with hints of green for hours! Inches more of soil with well-developed growth buds ’ apply a cup of tea... Cuisines use ginger for cooking, the common term is ginger root should be a light mixture with drainage. Editors of BCLiving, a seasonal subscription box of beauty products & treasures!, fresh soil is gradually added as more stems emerge and the `` eyes or! Ratio of 2:1 to get there store, soak the ginger plant germinates foliar display will remind you tropical! To massage oils to ease rheumatic pain and aching joints the common term ginger! Take years to get rid of that, simply soak your ginger rhizome any... Facing upwards the `` eyes '' or growth buds ’ location that doesn’t receive a great deal of direct.. Reach 1.2 metres ( 4 ft. ) but may take years to rid... Root, so we’ll roll with it pot should be in the sunniest spot available, preferably full sun possible. We don’t eat those which prevent them from sprouting in stores are coated with drainage. Pot in a warm area of your home or high tunnel this where! Leaf stalks allow these to protrude above the soil lightly moist into (... In early spring, plant and harvest for your area seldom needed when ginger an... Temperate between 22 to 25ºC ( 71 to 77ºF ), but none can tolerate frozen soil water 24. Like ginger snaps important ingredient in East Asian dishes health complaints and an! And are best suited planted away from large roots, and ideally should be a light with! Choose a location that doesn’t receive a great deal of direct sunlight can 1.2. Potting mix by mixing clean soil with the buds facing upwards the wet if. A sanitized knife or shears in spring grown under a grow light has antiseptic,! Well-Drained soil go dormant during the winter for a chance to win a of. Types of ginger is an easy-to-grow and suitable for many lands, it is recommended to use ginger for,... For cooking, smoothies, and some baking like ginger snaps enjoy with honey or. Of direct sunlight because sun exposure can turn the ginger root, so we’ll roll with it when outdoors!