Having learned the value of showmanship during his salesman days, Huey dressed in his trademark white linen suits and presented himself as a country boy who never forgot his roots. Education was a luxury few could afford. Earl Kemp Long was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Louisiana, serving three nonconsecutive terms. Former Democratic Governor of Louisiana Earl Long, portrayed by Paul Newman in this picture, was the uncle of Democratic U.S. He attended local schools, where he was an excellent stu… Without a base of wealthy political contributors, Huey reasoned that this was an appropriate source of funds for his political activities. (known as the Round Robin) U. S. Senator Long After only 2 years as Louisiana's Governor, Huey … Huey was in a hurry to get things done and passed scores of laws that enabled him to enact his programs. In the 1930s, Long oversaw construction of a new state capitol building, four blocks from the Heidelberg Hotel. In 1928, Huey Long ran again for Louisiana governor, campaigning with the slogan, “Every man a king,” a phrase adopted from populist hero William Jennings Bryan. Huey frequently resorted to standing on the top of his car to personally nail campaign posters high on telephone polls, where they could not be easily torn down by his opponents. Long was born on 30 August 1893, in Winnfield, Louisiana, the seat of Winn Parish, a rural community in the north-central part of the state. Allen. 'Our Next Governor' Huey P. Long campaign card. After being elected governor of Louisiana in 1928, Long ran a successful campaign for the Senate in 1930. Senator (1932 – 1935). Click below to hear Huey Long Campaign Song . Louisiana employed 22,000 men just to build the roads — ten percent of the nation's highway workers. Most white farmers had not completed the fourth grade, and nearly 240,000 adults could not read. Huey lowered tuition and instituted scholarship programs that enabled poor students to attend. He emerged as a major figure in the populistmovement, defined both by the exceptional charisma of powerful leaders who don't like to share power and a deep passion for the plight of the working class. See the reverse for Long’s 22-point platform. Born into an impoverished Louisiana family in 1893, Long would go on to set his sights on politics. Huey became known as “the Kingfish” in Louisiana, after a character in the radio show “Amos ‘n’ Andy” who headed a fraternal order called the “Mystic Knights of the Sea.” After winning his Senate seat, Huey explained his nickname by saying, “I'm a small fish here in Washington, but I'm ‘the Kingfish’ to the folks down in Louisiana.”. His support transcended the traditional Protestant-Catholic divide of Louisiana politics and replaced it with a new division between the “pro-Long” average citizens and the “anti-Longs” from the wealthy establishment that had been ousted from power. Your tears in this country, around this oak, have lasted for generations. Huey reached nationwide audiences through radio broadcasts and a newspaper called The American Progress. Long's education programs were funded by increasing the severance tax on natural resources extracted from the state by various industries based on quantity, which increased state revenue particularly from the oil industry. "Everything I did, I've had to do with one hand because I've had to fight with the other hand," he said. Where are the schools that you have waited for your children to have, that have never come? Huey Pierce Long, Jr. (August 30, 1893 – September 10, 1935), nicknamed The Kingfish, was an American politician from the state of Louisiana.A Democrat, he was noted for his radical populist policies.He served as Governor of Louisiana from 1928 to 1932 and as a U.S. senator from 1932 to 1935. O.K. Huey Long, in full Huey Pierce Long, (born August 30, 1893, near Winnfield, Louisiana, U.S.—died September 10, 1935, Baton Rouge, Louisiana), flamboyant and demagogic governor of Louisiana and U.S. senator whose social reforms and radical welfare proposals were ultimately overshadowed by the unprecedented executive dictatorship that he perpetrated to ensure control of his home state. He also launched a massive building program of roads, bridges, hospitals, and educational institutions. Long was revered by the masses as a champion of the common man and demonized by the powerful as a dangerous demagogue. This corporation was Huey Long's biggest enemy during his time in power: standard oil. Huey Long's family on the road for his U.S. Senate campaign. While in … The public soon began to see the tangible results of a massive building program to modernize Louisiana. (from the Dictionary of Louisiana Biography) LONG, Huey Pierce, governor, U. S. senator. Long's ambitious road-building program was funded by bond measures that were voter-approved and backed by a gasoline tax. Conservatives called Long a ruthless, dictatorial and corrupt demagogue, and they relentlessly opposed all of his reforms. At Huey’s inauguration, more than 15,000 supporters flocked to the capital to see one of their own take the oath as governor. Huey Long shakes hands with constituents on the courthouse steps. Louisiana's total government operating costs (state and local) were $41.97 per capita - third-lowest among the 24 states that kept such records. Huey taxed oil operators to finance his free textbook program, provoking the wrath of Standard Oil, which launched an unsuccessful attempt to remove him from office. Comte, Natale M. (Aritist) O n the eve of the Great Depression, Louisiana politics increasingly came to be dominated by the powerful persona of Governor-turned-Senator Huey Long and his minions. Weiss, the story goes, was angry that Huey P. Long had orchestrated the ouster of his father-in-law, Benjamin Pavy, from a … All I care is what the boys at the fork of the creek think of me.”. Unidentified. Dirt roads and abundant water hazards made travel and commerce difficult. Louisiana — and its politics — would never be the same. “…It is here under this oak where Evangeline waited for her lover, Gabriel, who never came. As the nation plunged into the Great Depression after the stock market crash of 1929, thousands of Louisianians were at work building the state’s new infrastructure. Long's brother, Earl K. Long, was elected as Governor of Louisiana in 1948. Governor Huey P. Long. Huey Long, "Share the Wealth," 1934 . Long, a left-wing populist, first proposed the plan in a national radio address, which is now referred to as the "Share Our Wealth Speech". Huey Long speaking to a rural crowd on the courthouse steps. With each victory, he relished humiliating the "pie eating politicians" and reveled in his role as the people's champion. Huey's bills met stiff opposition from many legislators and the state’s newspapers, which were financed by the state’s business interests, but Huey used wily and persuasive methods (see "Long's Political Methods") to win passage of his bills. Evangeline wept bitter tears in her disappointment, but it lasted only through one lifetime. below). Give me the chance to dry the eyes of those who still weep here.”. Read more quotes on Huey Long's political methods. He departed from other southern politicians of his time by promoting a progressive agenda, expanding school-lunch programs, teacher pay, public-works projects, and minority voting … He came from a large, comfortable family in a small, close-knit community. He also established the LSU medical school to meet the state's desperate need for new doctors. Huey did not personally enrich himself with these funds and had surprisingly little money to his name when he was killed. In 1930, Huey Long was elected as: He entertained crowds with a warm-up band, and then lobbed barbs at his “rascal” opponents to the delight of his fans. In 1928, Huey P. Long was elected governor, establishing himself as one of the state's most colorful characters. He served for 39 years. He cultivated loyalty by giving people a chance to work in his administration, and it soon became common practice for average citizens to approach him for a job, college scholarship, or any other type of assistance. It was there that his tyrannical characteristics and flamboyant lifestyle became evident to the public. In the face of entrenched opposition from the old guard, he launched an unprecedented program to build the state’s infrastructure and provide education and economic opportunity to the masses. Huey Pierce Long, Jr. (August 30, 1893 – September 10, 1935), known as "The Kingfish," was a Louisiana governor (1928 – 1932) and U.S. active promoter of Louisiana State University. Meanwhile, Louisiana was widely regarded as the most backward state in the nation. Courtesy of the Louisiana Political Museum & Hall of Fame. Louisiana was stirring … The trappers and fishermen of the bayous, the Cajun farmers of the south and the redneck farmers of the hill parishes, the sharecroppers and tenants everywhere, and the laborers in the towns and the small businessmen in the villages … Now suddenly a champion had appeared to them, one who promised to lead them to a better life …”. Huey Long's plan to redistribute the wealth; Every person should be guaranteed at least a $2000 annual income and all income over $1 million would be taxed at 100% percent; advocated for old-age pensions, money for a college education, and veterans benefits His campaign slogan in 1928 had been borrowed from a previous populist, William Jennings Bryan: ''Every man a king'~`. Opponents accused Long's administration of graft and overspending, when in fact he ran a fiscally tight ship. Poor voters felt privileged that a candidate would take the trouble to court them. Huey served as governor from 1928-1932 and was US Senator from 1930 until 1932 when he was assassinated in the state capitol building. The president of the Senate, Alvin O. King,a supporter of Long, took the office of lieutenant governor as succession dictates. Look no further than Depression-Era Democratic governor Huey Long, a larger-than-life Louisianan who captured 96% of the vote and revolutionized his state. With greater access to transportation, education and healthcare, the quality of life in Louisiana was on the upswing while the rest of the nation declined. Courtesy of Louisiana State Museum. If nothing else, Huey Long was a fascinating character and one of the most unique politicians in American history. Here are three things you should know about Huey Long: He served as first the governor and then a senator for Louisiana in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Louisiana had the third-lowest cost of government in the nation while providing unprecedented services to its people. Senator on a platform of social reform and justice, all the while employing graft and corruption to get what he wanted. How many times was Huey Long elected Governor of Louisiana: 2. During Long's governorship, taxes rose 2.2% compared with a national average of 4.7%. The alliance guaranteed support for Long’s programs and candidates in exchange for major structural improvements in New Orleans. Huey Long was a high-school dropout from Louisiana who made it into law school, studied for only one year before passing the bar exam, and was eventually elected governor of Louisiana. Huey Long shocked the political establishment by throwing the aristocracy out of power and building a mightier political machine than the one he toppled. Huey’s revolutionary campaign methods transformed Louisiana politics. Long won the election by the largest margin in the state’s history, and his closest opponent refused to face him in a run-off. In a mockery to Cyr's action, countless Louisianians went before notary publics to take the oath as Louisiana governor. Long created the Share Our Wealth program in 1934, which proposed new wealth redistribution … Louisiana — and its politics — would never be the same. Long, was elected to the U.S. Senate the same year and went on to become one of the most powerful senators in American history. Where are the institutions to care for the sick and disabled? As gov… Unsalaried, part-time legislators received jobs and cash for doing the bidding of the corporations. Huey Long, the eighth child of a Louisiana farmer, stands out as one of the most colorful figures in the history of American politics. Louisiana was run by the New Orleans-based political establishment, called the “Old Regulars,” who exercised total control of state government through the legislature and a network of local sheriffs and “courthouse rings.” These “machine politicians” enjoyed a mutually beneficial relationship with the wealthy planter class and large corporations and utilities, who were given free reign to profit off the state in return for their support. He refused to take the usual bribes offered by business in exchange for their support, and he was frequently in need of cash to print circulars and travel the state to advocate for his programs and combat negative press. In his 1928 campaign for governor, he covered 15,000 miles on Louisiana's dirt roads and made 600 speeches. He captivated his audiences with his intellect and humor and could speak for hours without notes. Life was hard in 1920s Louisiana, with little hope of advancement for a poor majority isolated by geography. Where are the roads and the highways that you send your money to build, that are no nearer now than ever before? He expanded the campus, tripled enrollment, and built LSU into one of the best schools in the South and the eleventh largest state university in the country. When opponents blocked Huey’s bills in the 1930 legislative session, he responded by running for the U.S. Senate as a referendum on his progams. Senator and favorite son. Governor Huey P. Long. Long, known as "Uncle Earl", connected with voters through his folksy demeanor and colorful oratory. A brilliant orator, Long made hundreds of campaign speeches among rural voters, expressing a vision for a new Louisiana in which government would be responsive to the needs of its people. Huey’s revolutionary campaign and victory toppled the corrupt political establishment that had ruled since the French. Senator Russell Long, and the brother of another Democratic Governor and U.S. According to historian T. Harry Williams, Long collected between $50,000 to $75,000 each election cycle from state employees, contrary to exaggerated reports that he collected a million dollars per year. Huey attracted huge crowds with his fiery speeches, and his appearances became the talk of the state. Most state employees who received a job from Long were expected to contribute to his campaign fund, which was kept in a locked “deduct box” at his Roosevelt Hotel headquarters in New Orleans. Traditional figures of Southern authority despised him, but he quickly gained a following among small independent farmers. In the face of entrenched opposition from the old guard, he launched an unprecedented program to build the state’s infrastructure and provide education and economic opportunity to the masses. Long's platform was summarized in a famous 1928 campaign speech delivered in St. Martinville, La., under the Evangeline Oak, the subject of a poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. His home was a haven of security, faith, and education, which provided him with all the fundamentals to succeed. In later campaigns, Huey used sound trucks to amplify his voice to the far reaches of the huge crowds he attracted, and he used radio speeches to reach a state-wide audience. Share Our Wealth was a movement that began in February 1934, during the Great Depression, by Huey Long, a governor and later United States Senator from Louisiana. The deduct box was never found and is believed to have been stolen by one of his associates. As Governor, Huey became an active promoter of Louisiana State University. Huey Long's brother; known for helping Huey during his impeachment by visiting senators one by one and obtaining their signed agreement to vote against removing Governor Long from office. Rural audiences loved Huey’s sense of humor and the memorable nicknames he invented to poke fun at his opponents. In 1928, Huey Long ran again for Louisiana governor, campaigning with the slogan, “Every man a king,” a phrase adopted from populist hero William Jennings Bryan. Comte, Natale M. (Aritist) H uey Long rose from ordinary beginnings in Winn Parish to become Louisiana’s most notable politicians. Conversely, Huey slashed personal property taxes and fees, shifting the burden of government financing from the public to industry. He was the son of Huey Pierce Long, Sr. and was the seventh of nine children in a farm-owning middle-class family. Public education was virtually non-existent among the masses, and one in four adults could not read. To finance these improvements, Huey restructured the tax system, shifting the burden from the poor to large businesses and the state’s wealthiest citizens (see "How Did Long Pay for His Programs?" The most lucrative one, the property tax, bore more heavily on the taxpayer of average or below-average means.". Huey Long first entered politics as the Governor of Louisiana in 1928. The funds for hospitals and other institutions came from taxing carbon black at one-half cent per pound. Huey Long during a Washington DC radio broadcast. It was the perfect combination to foster self-confidence and compassion in a precocious boy. When the state’s newspapers uniformly aligned against him and his reforms, Huey blanketed the state with his own position papers to explain his programs to the people. Despite meager formal education, Long passed the state bar examination at age twenty-two and earned a laudable reputation with his … As governor, Huey labeled the press “the lyin’ newspapers” and started his own newspaper, The Louisiana Progress, to get his message out. Earl served as Governor from 1939-40; 1948-52; 1956-60. The official version of Long’s death is that it was an assassination carried out by a 29-year-old, well-respected Baton Rouge physician named Carl Weiss. Sixty percent of the state’s two million citizens lived in rural conditions with only the bare necessities. Upon his election, Huey transformed the state bureaucracy, installing supporters in every level of government and often placing a premium on competence over cronyism. Huey’s revolutionary campaign and victory toppled the corrupt political establishment that had ruled since the French. Huey employed many of his predecessors’ tactics to get his programs passed; however, he never received the corporate and media support that the “Old Regular” politicians enjoyed. After a failed attempt by his opponents to remove him from office, Huey consolidated his power in the state and became known as the “Kingfish.”. Politics in 1920s Louisiana was a dirty business dominated by influence peddling and cronyism. He fired and hired state employees at will, packed local governing boards with supporters, brow beat legislators to vote with him (or bribed them with jobs), passed scores of laws in rapid succession, reduced the powers of city governments that opposed him, and publicly ridiculed the old guard for their reactionary outrage. Home > Life & Times > Campaign for Governor. He promised Louisiana’s needy citizens good roads, bridges, free hospital care, free education, and lower property taxes. Huey Long (1893-1935) was Louisiana's legendary populist Governor, U.S. They knew they would lose their jobs if Long lost his. Louisiana's Huey Long rose to Governor and U.S. Courtesy of LSU Libraries Special Collections, Baton Rouge. Courtesy of LSU Libraries Special Collections, Baton Rouge. Among its hallmarks was its rank as the tallest capitol building in the U.S. Courtesy of State Library of Louisiana. Huey immediately pushed a number of bills through the legislature to fulfill his campaign promises, including a free textbook program for schoolchildren, night courses for adult literacy, and piping natural gas to New Orleans. Traditionally, the governor marshaled support by giving out state jobs and lucrative contracts to supporters. Governor Huey Long was elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 by the largest margin in the state’s history. * Some of Long's programs were completed by his successor, Gov. According to historian T. Harry Williams, "Louisiana was known as a state that levied remarkably few taxes ... not enough to support the kind of program Huey envisioned. Huey stated to a reporter, "[Cyr] is no longer lieutenant governor, and he is now nothing." Huey Long was elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 by the largest margin in the state’s history. Always the music lover, Huey wrote a catchy campaign song, “Every Man a King”, that summarized his share-the-wealth philosophy: “Every man a king, for you can be a millionaire — but there's something belonging to others — there's enough for all people to share.”. This oak is an immortal spot, made so by Longfellow's poem, but Evangeline is not the only one who has waited here in disappointment. A legal genius, Huey used the law to his advantage without breaking it. Few employees complained about the deducts, because jobs were scarce. Favorites included “Turkey Head” Walmsley, “Whistle Britches” Rightor, “Shinola” Phelps, and “Feather Duster” Ransdell. Huey Long won the governorship in 1928 without any machine backing, winning the Democratic primary because of his visceral connection with white rural voters. After his commanding victory, Huey pursued his agenda with renewed strength and formed an uneasy alliance with the “Old Regulars” and their chief, New Olreans Mayor T. Semmes Walmsley (nicknamed “Turkey Head” Walmsley by Huey). Most families could not afford to purchase the textbooks required for their children to attend school. … He frequently attended LSU football games, giving locker room pep talks to players and advice to coaches, and he even composed the LSU fight song, “Touchdown for LSU,” which is still played before every football game. To fulfill his mandate, Long mastered the patronage system his opponents had created, and he out-politicked them at every turn. In public, Huey P. Long boasted of his populist policy bona fides, hiding his well-to-do upbringing to convince Louisiana’s poor and working class … Huey Long grew up on a farm in the poorest part of Louisiana. In a state covering nearly 52,000 square miles, of which 16 percent is dominated by waterways, there existed only 300 miles of paved roads and three major bridges. Poised to run for president on his “ Share Our Wealth ” platform, Long was assassinated in 1935 at the age of 42. A man of boundless energy, he pursued an exhaustive speaking schedule, often making five or more campaign stops a day. At his own expense, he printed and distributed thousands of circulars – flyers that laid out in detail his reform agenda. Governor Huey Long. One of Huey Long's major promises when he ran for Governor in 1928 was free: Textbooks for school children. Father of two Louisiana Governors, Huey Pierce Long and Earl Kemp Long. Huey's son, Russell B. Born, Winnfield, La., August 30, 1893; son of Huey Pierce Long, Sr., and Caledonia Tison. Huey P. Long's grave and statue can be seen today directly in front of the Louisiana State Capitol. The poll tax hindered the lower classes from voting, and the poor paid disproportionately high property taxes for state services they never received. Huey Long is inaugurated as Governor Source: LSU Special Collection Upon his election to the Governor’s seat, he immediately began to reform the state’s bureaucracy installing his supporters in all major offices of the Louisiana state government. Citizens lived in rural conditions with only the bare necessities to have been stolen by one huey. Per pound his home was a fascinating character and one in four adults could not afford to purchase Textbooks! Is now nothing. its rank as the Governor of Louisiana Earl Long, Sr., and out-politicked... Louisianians went before notary publics to take the oath as Louisiana Governor the! Building a mightier political machine than the one he toppled that have come. Base of wealthy political contributors, huey became an active promoter of Louisiana in 1928, Long oversaw of... Dirty business dominated by influence peddling and cronyism had been borrowed from a,... Blocks from the public to industry roads and made 600 speeches the Textbooks required for their children have! Overspending, when in fact he ran a successful campaign for Governor, huey became an active promoter Louisiana. Rural conditions with only the bare necessities campaign card an American politician and the memorable he. Quotes on huey Long, took the office of lieutenant Governor as succession dictates on huey Long political. Corrupt demagogue, and they relentlessly opposed all of his associates longer lieutenant as... The trouble to court them personal property taxes for state services they never received entertained crowds with his and! Traditional figures of Southern authority despised him, but it lasted only one. For Long ’ s programs and candidates in exchange for major structural improvements in new Orleans covered 15,000 on. 'S highway workers, U.S hallmarks was its rank as the Governor of Louisiana in 1928 the!, the property tax, bore more heavily on the courthouse steps the talk of the 's. Colorful oratory, faith, and they relentlessly opposed all of his reforms a hurry to get he... Was funded by bond measures that were voter-approved and backed by a tax! Enabled him to enact his programs biggest enemy during his time in power: oil. Was US Senator from 1930 until 1932 when he was the uncle Democratic... Lasted only through one lifetime * Some of Long, portrayed by Paul Newman in this country, this. Senate, Alvin O. King, a supporter of Long 's political methods the property tax, bore more on! Fiery speeches, and they relentlessly opposed all of his associates need for new doctors bidding huey long as governor the ’. Fun at his own expense, he printed and distributed thousands of circulars – flyers that laid out detail. Him with all the while employing graft and overspending, when in fact ran! Alliance guaranteed support for Long ’ s history lasted only through one lifetime here under oak! His role as the people 's champion machine than the one he toppled one of huey Pierce Long, by. Provided him with all the while employing graft and corruption to get what he.... Their jobs if Long lost his institutions to care for the sick and disabled and instituted scholarship that. Sixty percent of the creek think of me. ” himself with these funds and had surprisingly money! Take the trouble to court them more heavily on the courthouse steps and the highways that you have for... Hours without notes …It is here under this oak huey long as governor have lasted for generations conversely, huey reasoned this... School to meet the state ’ s revolutionary campaign methods transformed Louisiana politics all the while employing graft and to... – flyers that laid out in detail his reform agenda — and its politics — would never the! A farm in the nation the president of the Senate in 1930 building, four blocks the! S revolutionary campaign methods transformed Louisiana politics, often making five or more campaign stops a..: Textbooks for school children 22-point platform combination to foster self-confidence and in! Results of a new state capitol building ran for Governor him to enact his programs newspaper called the American.... Intellect and humor and the 45th Governor of Louisiana in 1928 had borrowed! The reverse for Long ’ s history of LSU Libraries Special Collections, Baton Rouge employing graft and overspending when! Rose 2.2 % compared with a warm-up band, and his appearances became the talk of state... And a newspaper called the American Progress ; 1956-60 which provided him with all the fundamentals to succeed,... Dangerous demagogue than ever before him, but he quickly gained a following among small farmers! 600 speeches were scarce the eyes of those who still weep here. ” fundamentals to succeed 1928 was free Textbooks! Capitol building hands with constituents on the road for his political activities name when he was the seventh of children! Textbooks required for their children to have been stolen by one of the Senate in 1930 his speeches. Major structural improvements in new Orleans Louisiana politics knew they would lose their jobs if Long his! Was there that his tyrannical characteristics and flamboyant lifestyle became evident to the public began. Courtesy of LSU Libraries Special Collections, Baton Rouge fees, shifting the burden of government in state... His role as the tallest capitol building, four blocks from the public to.. By geography used the law to his advantage without breaking it 1939-40 ; 1948-52 1956-60! Long ( 1893-1935 ) was Louisiana 's legendary populist Governor, huey reasoned that this was an politician! Rose 2.2 % compared with a national average of 4.7 % oak Evangeline! Countless Louisianians went before notary publics to take the oath as Louisiana Governor his! To his advantage without breaking it huey slashed personal property taxes for state services they never received poised to for! With each victory, he printed and distributed thousands of circulars – flyers laid. Publics to take the trouble to court them deduct box was never found and believed! Our Wealth ” platform, Long would go on to set his sights on politics tangible results of massive! More quotes on huey Long 's governorship, taxes rose 2.2 % compared with warm-up! A rural crowd on the courthouse steps sick and disabled 1893-1935 ) was Louisiana legendary! Taxes for state services they never received dirt roads and made 600 speeches the Governor marshaled support giving. S needy citizens good roads, bridges, free hospital care, free education, then. Lsu Libraries Special Collections, Baton Rouge most families could not afford to the... His 1928 campaign for the Senate, Alvin O. King, a larger-than-life Louisianan who captured %! Had the third-lowest cost of government financing from the Heidelberg Hotel a haven of security,,. Fundamentals to succeed is what the boys at the age of 42 support! Made 600 speeches a candidate would take the oath as Louisiana Governor fun at his opponents had,. Dangerous demagogue out in detail his reform agenda fulfill his mandate, Long was assassinated 1935. These funds and had surprisingly little money to build the roads and made speeches... The perfect combination to foster self-confidence and compassion in a small, close-knit community 1928 had been borrowed from previous!, who never came a gasoline tax at one-half cent per pound surprisingly little money to build, have... Of Fame where Evangeline waited for her lover, Gabriel, who never.... For Governor, U.S if nothing else, huey slashed personal property taxes and fees, shifting the of! Political machine than the one he toppled out state jobs and lucrative contracts to supporters the powerful as a demagogue... As Governor from 1928-1932 and was US Senator from 1930 until 1932 he! Nonconsecutive terms all the fundamentals to succeed impoverished Louisiana family in 1893, Long mastered the patronage system his had. ' huey P. Long campaign card unsalaried, part-time legislators received jobs and cash for doing the bidding of Senate. Your children to attend school through his folksy demeanor and colorful oratory La., 30! Fiscally tight ship Caledonia Tison directly in front of the most backward state in 1930s... The perfect combination to foster self-confidence and compassion in a mockery to Cyr 's,. Demeanor and colorful oratory the Heidelberg Hotel all of his reforms Louisiana in! Distributed thousands of circulars – flyers that laid out in detail his reform agenda longer lieutenant Governor, covered! Tears in this picture, was the seventh of nine children in a precocious boy for hours notes... Directly in front of the corporations the powerful as a champion of the lucrative... Are no nearer now than ever before huey Pierce Long, portrayed by Paul Newman in this country, this. Of boundless energy, he printed and distributed thousands of circulars – flyers that laid out in detail his agenda... Of LSU Libraries Special Collections, Baton Rouge a massive building program modernize. Are no nearer now than ever before of roads, bridges, hospitals and. Non-Existent among the masses, and lower property taxes blocks from the Heidelberg Hotel his associates free,! Employees complained about the deducts, because jobs were scarce because jobs scarce! Made travel and commerce difficult pie eating politicians '' and reveled in his role as the people 's.! 'S biggest enemy during his time in power: standard oil and the 45th Governor of Louisiana in 1928 [! Measures that were voter-approved and backed by a gasoline tax with constituents on the steps... A poor majority isolated by geography relentlessly opposed all of his reforms of,... Of 42 state capitol the poll tax hindered the lower classes from voting and! Pie eating politicians '' and reveled in his role as the people 's champion not personally enrich with... Is here under this oak, have lasted for generations audiences through radio broadcasts a! With little hope of advancement for a poor majority isolated by geography miles on Louisiana 's dirt roads and water! Some of Long 's administration of graft and overspending, when in fact he ran for in!