The data were analyzed using SPSS. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. Diabetes Education: Health Belief Model. While other empirical evidences from other studies suggest that people affected with diabetes often have inadequate knowledge about the nature of diabetes, its risk factors, and associated complications (Jabbar, Contractor, Ebrahim, & Moahmood, 2001; Kamal, Biessels, Duis, & Gispen, 2000). The implication of the finding is that diabetes knowledge is an important factor on how patients will follow their management plan but should not be seen as an end in itself. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Many countries have also registered increased diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes, mostly among young children; and unfortunately, no known methods of prevention have been established for this health issue. Search results Jump to search results. In this section, you will find the following: 1. If people living with diabetes are to follow their physicians’ recommendations, it is imperative for the physicians to understand their knowledge of diabetes and health beliefs about diabetes and how these affect their following physicians’ recommendations. This particular model of diabetes education involves four different components. (, Brownlee-Duffeck, M., Peterson, L., Simonds, J. F., Goldstein, D., Kilo, C., Hoette, S. (, Chinenye, S., Uloko, A. E., Ogbera, A. O., Ofoegbu, E. N., Fasanmade, O. Health Belief Model refers in the ability of a patient to understand and follow a specific way of living in accordance to Illness’ requirements. The prevalence rate in Nigeria varies from one location to another, for example, 0.65% in rural Mangu village to 11.0% in urban Lagos. Arseneau, Mason, Wood, and Green (1994) have found that illness-specific knowledge is one component of effective self-management, whereas Hill-Briggs (2003) and Lorig et al. The respondents were scored based on total correct responses out of 7 items and were classified as either having low or high diabetes knowledge. The HBM was developed in the 1950s by social psychologists at the U.S. Public Health Service and remains one of the best known and most widely used theories in health behavior research. About 59% did not know the effect of eating food that contains less fat, 18% said that it decreased the risk of kidney problem, whereas about 15% asserted that it decreases the risk for heart diseases. There was a significant positive relationship between perceived severity (0.549, p = .000), perceived benefits (12.383, p = .000), and diabetes management. The study was approved by the ethical committee of Kogi State Ministry of Health. The Igala are an ethnic group in Kogi east, Nigeria. SAGE Publications Inc, unless otherwise noted. How the Health Belief Model was Developed 3. Login failed. The DKT consisted of 7 items administered to the respondents. The analysis shows a significant relationship between perception of severity and diabetes management (1, N = 152) = 47.5555549, p = .000. Percentage Distribution of Responses on Diabetes Knowledge Test. Diabetes Knowledge, Health Belief, and Diabetes Management Among the Igala, Nigeria, http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, http://www.uk.sagepub.com/aboutus/openaccess.htm, Baumann, Opio, Otim, Olson, and Ellison (2010), Nyenwe, Odia, Ihekwaba, Ojule, and Babatunde (2003), Jabbar, Contractor, Ebrahim, & Moahmood, 2001, Ayele, Tesfa, Abebe, Tilahun, and Girma (2012), Underutilization of Influenza Vaccine: A Test of the Health Belief Model, College Men and Women and Their Intent to Receive Genital Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Low Back Pain Preventive Behaviors Among Nurses Based on the Health Belief Model Constructs. They are found around the triangle formed by the confluence of River Niger and River Benue and are located east of the confluence. Table 2 above shows that 49% of the participants had low diabetes knowledge, whereas 51% had high diabetes knowledge. This result may be attributed to the low level of education among the participants. This agrees with Glasgow and Anderson’s (1999) claim that disease-specific diabetes knowledge may be a process or mediating variable that interacts with other factors to affect self-care, which may affect short- and long-term health outcomes. Baumann, Opio, Otim, Olson, and Ellison (2010) found that few patients did home glucose monitoring, considered activities of daily living as regular exercise, and lack healthy food choices. Relative Influence of Health Belief on Diabetes Management. The mean of the four items served as the measure of perceived benefits (M = 17.16, SD = 2.20). B., Green, S. E. (, Ayele, K., Tesfa, B., Abebe, L., Tilahun, T., Girma, E. (, Baumann, L. C., Opio, C. K., Otim, M., Olson, L., Ellison, S. (, Bautista-Martinez, S., Aguilar-Salinas, C. A., Lerman, I., Velasco, M., Castellanos, R., Zenteno, E., . The regression result showed that diabetes knowledge influenced diabetes management (β = .262, t = 3.328, p = .001) and health beliefs affected diabetes management (β = .07865, t = 2.439, p < .016). Despite the tremendous success at improving the lives of those living with diabetes with technological breakthrough in biomedical sciences, the management of type 2 diabetes lies largely with those with diabetes. endstream endobj 56 0 obj 1540 endobj 57 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 56 0 R >> stream GºæSÜá-Ík%ïãÜôaãæQbBÚ8~ëÙ!ê=tSÔõZ(RÄ +W<=܋OÍeJa¯yå6eÂTé*ÏUìp½p»È,ª‡ašãéT• 3}$`“»á:%iÉ-œx­VÕp€§L{¶…Ç,ù›eÅÞ*3[6î”$ߌ\§«»6µ_à¥T6¶Äµ‚†&ð@¥Ê|þ׶…Íüeà´¨Ûò„PNª¸òϾMèw×ó≋‚sœV+—ÿ±¹Øë%Lç+ˆöÊåÐÛ؇ëÜvzò5'¦—0/½t›òÇ׃Šè¾ðq¯èªú—+—ezü.ÎÃË©dÓ.¯¾è@–áÞ¦Þòq—…yڅÌ%Ë££½®R¿¨Sx–¯7~aœ.pMÁ¸ÞšÂØèÉÓÍ!äEºdH®|¼yöC¡‰ï>k-ûwk/îæęæÇa•Â÷• ÎË&YûSwSI¼ÄnMŠ äZ’0!þͶòʽ¸µèü5Æwû¤$°ˆÑÜUuh&{,ò$°RË]8$ßön6jß$²vS±úW€ Óh Автор: Serj на 04:01. A total of 54% of the respondents were women, whereas 46% were men. The instruments were in-depth interview guide and questionnaire, which was either self-administered or interview administered, depending on the literacy level of the respondent. The health belief model (HBM)) is a social psychological health behavior change model developed to explain and predict health-related behaviors, particularly in regard to the uptake of health services. Kathy A Bloom Cerkoney and ; Laura K Hart; Mount Mercy College, Cedar Rapids, and the University of Iowa, College of Nursing Iowa City; Address reprint requests to Kathy A. Bloom Cerkoney, Mount Mercy College, 1330 Elmhurst Drive, N.E., Cedar Rapids, Iowa 52402. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. On the issue of exercises, 46% did not know the effects of exercises on individuals. This model was developed in the 1950s but was upgraded in the 1980s. Due to its high prevalence, diabetes is considered as a health problem worldwide (1). þB©n.TÆ/œSBÙåõãé¥"UUQï±Y3mëçV8qNdîô|3íhÿm7;OÁšðhÏÓ­ˆÎíóC»yETˆA+Òp&áWx¯º!R{/ïÐÍËhÛ©3Ñ­)ÊÂ}缞~6kð©áÏ»)"š†:¸†P©CAÓ¼ÅB$Õ,äE))/5'`Ê´ƒÀ›šÎ¬k{³ãWt¡øõ˜”f¤Ê¿ž¥t3ë}¡°1PQUCõŠT. Similarly, Cerkoney and Hart (1980) found that the combination of the five HBM variables accounted for 25% of the variance in adherence, as measured by self-report in combination with a reactive direct observational procedure. Software from the list below and click on download items served as the findings show, perceived severity M... Link to share a read only version of this article broad range of health, N = 152 =. Pdc suffering from diabetes for the health Belief Model to develop interventions to address obesity to diabetes. = 3.328, p =.001 ) and were classified as either having low or high diabetes knowledge the... A link to share a read only version of this article with colleagues. 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